Ajmer is one of the real urban communities in the Indian province of Rajasthan and is the focal point of the eponymous Ajmer District. As per the 2011 registration, Ajmer has a populace of around 552,360 in its urban agglomeration and 542,580 in the city. The city is situated at a separation of 135 km from the state capital Jaipur and 391 km from the national capital New Delhi.
The city was set up as "Ajayameru" by a Shakambhari Chahamana ruler, either Ajayaraja I or Ajayaraja II, and filled in as the Chahamana capital until the twelfth century CE.
Ajmer is encompassed by the Aravalli Mountains. It is a journey place for the sanctuary of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti and is likewise the base for visiting Pushkar (11 km), an old Hindu journey city, acclaimed for the sanctuary of Brahma. Ajmer has been chosen as one of the legacy urban areas for the HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana plan of Government of India.